The Pufendorf Institute is a cross-disciplinary research institute, inaugurated at Lund University in 2009. The institute provides an open and creative environment for academic study groups formed around current or emerging scientific and social issues and problems to explore their management or resolution.
The aim of the Pufendorf Institute is to be an open, creative, multidisciplinary environment where researchers from different disciplines within and outside the university should identify, study and analyze some of today's and tomorrow's problems.
Opportunities and constraints in water management of the Nile River
The Nile is the source of life that plays a crucial role in the economics, politics, and cultural life of eleven countries and their almost 400 million inhabitants. The population of these countries is expected to double within 30 years. This means that an astonishingly number of three-quarter of a billion people will be dependent for their livelihood on a single river with dwindling flow. How can the water of the Nile be handled in a way that meets the water needs of all people in the region?
The Nile extends through the Arab region in the Middle East and also includes some of the poorest areas in the world (e.g., Ethiopia and Eritrea). Thus, the area is confronted by severe problems due to both climatic conditions and socioeconomic factors. The region is characterized by a fast increasing population (especially Egypt and Ethiopia), which has resulted in a sharp decline of the per capita availability of water during last the decades. The socioeconomic problems are severe in many of these countries and rely heavily on the availability of water supply for irrigation from the Nile.